Abrasion – Tooth wear caused by forces other than chewing such as holding objects between the teeth or improper brushing.
Abutment – A tooth (or implant) that supports a dental prosthesis.
Alveolar Bone – The part of the jaw that surround the roots of the teeth.
Alveolar Process – The curving part of the jaw into which the teeth are rooted.
Alveolus – The socket in the alveolar bone into which the tooth’s root fits.
Amalgam – An alloy used in direct dental restorations.
Analgesia – Loss of pain sensations without loss of consciousness.
- General Anesthesia: A controlled state of unconsciousness, accompanied by a partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, including loss of ability to independently maintain airway and respond purposefully to physical stimulation or verbal command, produced by a pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic method or combination thereof.
- Intravenous Sedation/Analgesia: A medically controlled state of depressed consciousness while maintaining the patient’s airway, protective reflexes and the ability to respond to stimulation or verbal commands. It includes intravenous administration of sedative and/or analgesic agent(s) and appropriate monitoring.
- Local Anesthesia: The loss of pain sensation over a specific area of the anatomy without loss of consciousness.
- Non-Intravenous Conscious Sedation: A medically controlled state of depressed consciousness while maintaining the patient’s airway, protective reflexes and the ability to respond to stimulation or verbal commands. It includes administration of sedative and/or analgesic agent(s) by a route other than IV; (PO, PR, Intranasal, IM) and appropriate monitoring.
- Regional Anesthesia: A term used for local anesthesia. See Local Anesthesia.
Ankylosis – A condition where two hard tissues are fused together. When this happens to a tooth and the alveolar bone, the tooth partially erupts.
Apicoectomy – Removal of the tip of a tooth root.